International Journal of Science and Healthcare Research

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Review Article

Year: 2017 | Month: January-March | Volume: 2 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 1-4

Disinfection of Water: Review on Research towards Effective and Economical Alternatives

Sunil J. Kulkarni

Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India


The water consumption in chemical, pharmaceutical and construction activities constitutes sizeable amount out of total water consumption. The reuse and recycle of industrial wastewater needs to be effectively carried out. Disinfection of water used for domestic and potable purposes is still a challenge for developing and under developed countries. Disinfection of water can be done physical, chemical and biological methods. Recycle and reuse of wastewater can be carried out by treating the wastewater and further using advanced treatment methods like membrane separation, electro-dialysis and pervaporation. Maintaining water quality in water distribution system is one of the major problems in developing countries.

Keywords: Membrane separation, chlorination, ozonation, microfiltration.

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