Original Research Article
Year: 2016 | Month: April-June | Volume: 1 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 23-31
Hydrochemical Evaluation of Water Resources in Umuoghara and its Environs, Near Abakaliki, South Eastern Nigeria
V. O. Ezeh1, M. O. Eyankware1, O. O. Irabor2, P. N. Nnabo1
1Department of Geology, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State.
2Department of Earth Science, Federal University of Petroleum, Effurn Delta State.
Corresponding Author: V. O. Ezeh
A total of twelve (12) water sample were randomly sampled from six hand-dug well, four boreholes and two ponds close to quarry site and were analyzed for different hydrochemical qualities. The following 16 parameters have been considered viz: electrical conductivity, PH, turbidity, temperature, colour, and total dissolved solid, total hardness, sulphate, nitrate, chlorine, sodium, carbonate, Bicarbonate, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron and lead. On comparing the results against water quality standards laid by World Health Organization and Nigeria Industrial Standard (NSDWQ, 2007). It was observed that some of the analysed physical and chemical parameters were above the (WHO, 2011 and NSDWQ, 2007) permissible limit at various sample location. The Hydrogeochemical trend Ca> Cl >SO4>HCO3+CO3>Mg. From the research carried is hereby recommended that the state government should enforce strict rules on illegal mining activities; farmer should be well trained about the fertilizer application on their farmland, periodic surface and groundwater monitoring and treatment.
Keywords: Asu River Group, water Quality, WHO, 2011, Domestic use and NSDWQ, (Nigeria Standard for Drinking Water Quality).