International Journal of Research and Review

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: July | Volume: 4 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 62-66

Fingerprint Analysis and Gender Predilection among Medical Students of Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Dr Barshika Katwal1, Sidhart Timsinha2, Dr Bhumi Kala Limbu1, MrPrem Prasad Pant1

1Lecturer Department of Forensic Medicine, Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital Kathmandu, Nepal
2Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal

Corresponding Author: Dr Barshika Katwal


Introduction: Fingerprint is an impression of friction skin ridges, known as dermal ridges or dermal papillae, on a surface and its study is known as Dermatoglyphics. The Henry Classification System classifies the fingerprint patterns (in order of decreasing frequency) into Loop (60-70%); Whorl (25-35%); Arch (5%-7%) and Composite (2-3%).Through its unique characteristics, the scientific study of fingerprint provides a special service in the administration of justice in court of law and in other areas where positive identification is of paramount importance. As there is no sufficient study on fingerprints based on the Nepalese population this study will provide facts and figures regarding pattern distribution of fingerprints and gender predilection in Nepalese population.
Materials and Method: The present study was conducted over a period of 5 months from December 2015 to May 2016 among Nepalese medical students of Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu. The sample size consisted of 200 medical students (100 males and 100 females) with age ranging from 18-25 years.
Results: Loops are the most commonly occurring fingerprint pattern while arches are the least common. Males have a higher incidence of loops and females have a higher incidence of whorls.
Conclusion: Our study showed that the most common type of finger print pattern was loop. However, distribution of dermatoglyphic patterns being almost similar on both hands bilateral variations could not be established but association existed between distribution of fingerprint patterns and gender.

Key words: Identification, Fingerprints, Nepal, Gender

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