International Journal of Research and Review

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Review Article

Year: 2017 | Month: May | Volume: 4 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 142-156

Effect of Strategy Implementation Practices on Employee Performance in Trans Nzoia County Government, Kenya

Irene Sasaka Wambani1, Dr. William Sakataka2, Dr. Elizabeth Nambuswa Makokha2

1Supervisors, 2Lecturer,
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (Kenya).

Corresponding Author: Irene Sasaka Wambani


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of strategy implementation on employee performance in Trans Nzoia County Government. The analysis was focused on the selected department employees of Trans Nzoia County Government as the target population of the study The study was guided by the following research objectives: - To examine the effect of human resource practices on employee performance in Trans Nzoia County Government, to analyze the effect of institutional practices on employee performance in Trans Nzoia County Government and to examine the effect of environmental factors on employee performance in Trans Nzoia County Government. The study was guided by the Systems Theory; Resource based view theory; Environmental dependency theory; Dynamic capabilities theory; Contingency theory and the Institutional theory. A descriptive research design was employed with a structured questionnaire that covered both qualitative and quantitative data, being administered to the target population by the researcher for data collection. The survey targeted selected departmental employees in Trans Nzoia County government by employing census method since the target population was less than one hundred respondents, which is the maximum acceptable number for census method to be used. The data collected was then sorted and analyzed by both the regression tools and ANOVA using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23. The researcher used a multiple correlation coefficient and regression analysis together with the ANOVA test to establish, make conclusions and recommendations on the relationship between the independent variables and dependent variable from the findings. The findings, through the F calculated (F =22.755), which was > 5% level of significance, revealed a statistically significant regression effect between the research predictors and the predicted variable. They further showed that the overall model was significant with Human Resource Practices predicting 18% of the employee performance, Institutional Practices, 21.7% of the employee performance, and Environmental Factors explaining 43.8% of the employee performance in Trans Nzoia County government. From the findings, Environmental Factors was the most significant predictor of employee performance at 43.8% with (t=3.177). The results are to contribute to the existing body of knowledge for the researchers and organizational management in their way of human resource management. The research is also expected to form a basis for scholars who may want to study issues related to the performance of non-teaching employees. From the findings, conclusions were made and recommendations as well as suggestions for further studies deduced to enable further understanding of employee performance on strategy implementation on devolved government service delivery.

Key words: Strategy implementation, Strategic Management, Strategic Plan, institutions, organizational internal elements.

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