International Journal of Research and Review

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: May | Volume: 4 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 105-106

Antibiotic Resistance Pattern in Aerobic Gram Negative Bacterial Infection in Burn Patient’s at Tertiary Care Hospital in Maharashtra

Virendra S Kolhe1, Sanjay R More2

1MD Microbiology, Assistant Professor, GMC Chandrapur
2MD Microbiology, Professor GMC Ambejogai.

Corresponding Author: Virendra S Kolhe


Background and objective: The present study performed on patients admitted in burns unit to determine aerobic bacterial flora of burn wound infection and to study their antibiogram.
Methods: A total of 277 cases of different percentage of burns were studied for isolation of microbes. Bacterial isolates were identified by conventional biochemical methods and antibiotic susceptibility was performed by Kirby- Bauer method.
Results: From 277 patients, a total of 384 organisms were isolated from burn wound swabs. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (20.05%) were the most common isolate followed by Proteus species (16.40%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (16.14%), Acinetobacter baumannii (8.59%), Citrobacter freundii (6.25%), Escherichia coli (4.42%) and Enterobacter spp (3.38%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus species shows good sensitivity to piperacillin/tazobactam (67.53%).
Conclusions: In conclusion, this study shows that various factors involved in the burn wound infections. There is continuous changing pattern of infecting organism and multidrug resistance among them. So continuous microbiological surveillance and regular antimicrobial susceptibility pattern helps to clinician in treatment and prevention of multidrug resistance in our burn unit. It also helps in institution guideline for antibiotics.

Key words: Burns, Antibiotic sensitivity Test.

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