International Journal of Research and Review

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Review Article

Year: 2017 | Month: May | Volume: 4 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 55-64

Impacts of Solar Power in India: A Review

Madhu Kumari1, Dr. Prasoon Kumar Singh2

1Assistant Professor, DASH Department, National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology, Hatia, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.
2Assosciate Professor, Environmental Science and Engineering, IIT (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India.

Corresponding Author: Madhu Kumari


India, a country which has a rapidly growing economy with more than 1 billion people, is facing a huge energy demand. The country stands fifth in the world for the production and consumption of electricity. The electricity production has expanded over the years but we cannot deny the fact that the population of the country is also expanding at a steady pace. The power produced in the country is mostly from coal for lighting and firewood for cooking and heating, it is predicted that the country’s coal reserves won’t last beyond the year 2040-50. More than 72% of the population is living in villages and half of the villages remain without electricity. Till date there are 640,867 villages scattered everywhere. Around 18,452 villages are still un-electrified in various parts of India. Unfortunately, even after electrifying a village, most of the households don't receive any electricity. It’s high time that our country should concentrate more on energy efficiency, conservation and sustainable energy. To meet this surging demand, solar energy is the best form of energy to fulfill the energy needs of India and bridge the energy demand-supply gap.

Key words: Solar energy; renewable energy; sustainable energy; energy demand; India.

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