International Journal of Research and Review

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Original Research Article

Year: 2017 | Month: January | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 56-59

Antimicrobial Utilization Study in Indoor Patients of Paediatric Ward of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

Waseem A. Siddiqui1, Aparna S. Chincholkar2, Nishita P. Shah3

13RD year PG, 2Associate Professor, 32nd year PG,
Department of Pharmacology, MIMER Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune, India.

Corresponding Author: Waseem A. Siddiqui


Introduction: Antimicrobial prescribing pattern analysis is very important for judicial use of antimicrobials. Antimicrobials are commonly prescribed in paediatric population. Irrational antimicrobial prescriptions along with suboptimal therapy and polypharmacy have led to emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Hence, the present study was done to assess the trend of antimicrobial prescription in our hospital.
Objective: The present study was undertaken to know the prescribing trends of antimicrobials in indoor patients of paediatric ward of a tertiary care hospital
Methods: A prospective prescription audit of antimicrobials was conducted for a period of 4 months from July 2014 to October 2014 at Paediatric ward and data was analysed using WHO indicators.
Results: The total number of prescriptions analysed was 443. Average number of antimicrobials per prescription was 3.5. Most commonly prescribed antimicrobial agent were Cotrimoxazole and Gentamicin (95 % each). Mean duration of hospitalization was 4-5 days
Conclusion: Antimicrobial agents were found to be prescribed in significant number. They were mostly prescribed by proprietary names. The high incidence of resistance can be minimized by feedback to the prescribers.

Key words: Antimicrobials utilization, prescription pattern, paediatric ward, WHO indicators.

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