International Journal of Research and Review

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Review Article

Year: 2017 | Month: January | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 14-18

Pretreatment of Water before Application of Membrane Separation: Focus on NOM Removal

Sunil J. Kulkarni

Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India


Water reuse and recycle is becoming important for conservation of water resources. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatments with physical, biological and chemical techniques are conventionally used for treatment. The physico-chemical treatments are widely used for water treatment and removal of organic matter. Use of membrane separation can be done for water purification. Many investigators have explored possibility of use of membrane separation for wastewater and domestic water treatment. The membranes are prone to contaminate and undergo fouling. The presence of natural organic matter affects the membrane performance. The current review is aimed at reviewing research and studies on membrane separation for organic matter removal.

Key words: Natural organic matter (NOM), Membrane separation, microfiltration, ultrafiltration, fouling.

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