Year: 2016 | Month: September | Volume: 3 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 12-15
A Review on Research and Studies on Kinetics of Biological Reactions with Emphasis on Substrate Utilization
Sunil Jayant Kulkarni
Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Biochemical reactions are utilized in wastewater treatment and synthesis of many compounds such as lactic acid, citric acid, ethanol etc. The biochemical reactions used in wastewater treatment are characterized by substrate concentration, biomass concentration, retention time, cell mass concentration and growth rate. The rate of substrate utilization and cell growth defines the effectiveness and kinetics of biological reactions. Monod growth kinetics is often used for explaining kinetics of substrate utilization. Many investigators have carried out investigations on biological reactions and their kinetics. Current review summarizes research carried out on kinetics of substrate utilization and cell growth in biological reactions.
Key words: Substrate, cell mass, growth, organic matter, biodegradation, fluidized bed bioreactor.