Year: 2016 | Month: September | Volume: 3 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 6-11
Review on Studies, Research and Surveys on Rainwater Harvesting
Sunil J. Kulkarni
Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Water scarcity is a major problem faced by the world. Increasing demand of water because of growing population and rapid industrialization is unavoidable. Proper and sensible use of available water resources and recycling of water in domestic and industrial applications can help to reduce water demand. Rainwater harvesting (RWH) can solve the water problem to considerable extent. Roof top RWH in domestic household structure can fulfill more than 50 percent water demand. The educational and business complexes are also implementing RWH successfully. It is envisaged to make the RWH technologies more effective and economical. Many times initial investment becomes limiting factor in adopting RWH technology. So technological up gradation and awareness among people based on long term benefits of RWH can drive more people to adopt RWH. The current review summarizes research, studies and surveys carried out to study, analyze and implement RWH.
Key words: Water resources, capital investment, runoff, catchment, water quality, utilization.