Year: 2016 | Month: July | Volume: 3 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 31-35
Enzyme Immobilization: Research and Studies
Sunil J. Kulkarni
Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The synthesis of many chemicals needs high temperature and pressure. Many chemicals like ethanol, amino acids, citric acids, nitrates, nitrites, fine chemicals, essential compounds can be synthesized by biological pathways. Enzyme catalyzed reactions provide huge boost to the efforts concentrated on cost effective and environment friendly technology. Immobilization of enzyme has advantages such as high thermal and operational stability, improved pH stability. Various investigators have carried out investigations to study effect of immobilization on enzyme activities. The current review summarizes research and studies on enzyme immobilization.
Key words: Enzyme catalyzed reactions, entrapment, covalent bonding, stability, activity, reuse.