International Journal of Research and Review

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Original Research Article

Year: 2016 | Month: July | Volume: 3 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 65-69

A Comparative Study to Know (Evaluate) The Effectiveness of Back Massage Versus Hot Application on Back Pain During the Active Phase of Labour among the Intranatal Women Admitted in Gian Sagar Medical College & Hospital, Ramnagar, Rajpura, Patiala, Punjab.

Anu Grover

Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing, SGT University, Gurgaon.


Back ground of the study: Childbirth is one of the most painful events that a women is likely to experience, the multidimensional aspect and intensity of which far exceeds disease conditions .Labor pain is the rhythmic pain of increasing severity and frequency due to contraction of the uterus at childbirth.1 Even though, delivery is a natural phenomenon, it has been demonstrated that the accompanying pain is considered severe or extreme in more than half of the cases. The complain about the backache is one of the most common complaints we are getting from the intranatal mothers during the labor. Over the past 20 years there has been an enormous increase in the use of complementary therapy in health care; especially within the hospice movement. The number of people using complementary therapies has seen a dramatic increase in recent years (42%-57.4%).
Aims: The present study aim to know (evaluate) the effectiveness of back massage or hot application on back pain during the active phase of labor among the intranatal women admitted in Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, RamNagar, Rajpura, Patiala.
Material and Methods: An evaluative approach with post test only design was used for the present study. Sample consisted of 40 intranatal women with back pain (20 hot application group and 20 back massage group), who met the inclusion & exclusion criteria. Assessment was done in terms of confirmation of back pain & intensity of pain by using NRS. Data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Result: There was a significant difference on pain score between subjects of back massage group and hot application group. Hence back massage was more effective than that of hot application.
Conclusion: There was significant difference found in back massage and hot application i.e. back massage was found to be significantly more effective on back pain as compared to hot application.

Key Words: Back massage, Hot application, Back pain, Labour, Childbirth, Intranatal women.

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