Year: 2016 | Month: May | Volume: 3 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 78-81
An Insight into Research and Studies on Biogas Generation from Waste
Sunil J. Kulkarni
Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The sustainable development to fulfill the needs of mankind is driving force behind technical and scientific research. The increase in population in developing countries has two major effects on economy in addition to food crises, the generation of waste and increase in energy requirement. The waste treatment is important aspect because of its odor, its effect on soil and ground water. The domestic, kitchen, vegetable, poultry, canteen and hotel waste causes major disposal problems. The use of this waste for biogas production is very attractive alternative. It serves twin purposes, waste treatment and energy generation. The waste after biogas production can be used as fertilizer. Various investigators have carried out research on production of biogas from domestic, vegetable, animal, canteen, hotel and poultry waste. The results obtained are very encouraging. The current review summarizes research and studies on biogas production from various waste, its analysis and studies on factors affecting the biogas production.
Key words: Biomass, bioremediation, yield, organic loading, anaerobic digestion, bioconversion.