Original Research Article
Year: 2016 | Month: April | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 31-35
Prevalence of Hip Joint Osteoarthritis in Elderly Persons in a District of Central Uttar Pradesh: A Cross Sectional Study
A. C. Yadav1, Alok Sood2
1Assistant Professor, 2Associate Professor,
Department of Orthopedics, Major SD Singh Medical College, Farrukhabad.
Corresponding Author: A. C. Yadav
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) Also known as degenerative joint disease or age-related arthritis characterized by gradual development of joint pain, swelling, stiffness and limitation of movements of that particular joint. OA causes chronic disability; the degree of disability varies greatly between individuals and depends on the site involved. The present study was done to make the people aware more about the disease and how and what preventive measures to be taken to decrease in disease progress and also to access the disease burden in the society, mainly in older age group.
Methodology: The present study was conducted in the department of Orthopedics, Major SD Singh Medical College, Farrukhabad (UP). It was a cross sectional study and duration of study was two years from January 01/2014 to December 31, 2015. Total numbers of patients enrolled for study were 489. Patients with hip joint pain and difficulty in walking of either sex and above the age of 50 years were included in the study.
Results: In the present study there were 258 females (52.77%) and 231 were males (47.23%). Maximum numbers of patients were in the age group of 50-60 years. There was high prevalence of hip osteoarthritis among patients with high body mass index. There is higher prevalence of hip osteoarthritis among lower income group but also seen in middle and higher income group. All the cases were having pain in the hip and majority has difficulty in walking and limp. (92.47%) were having unilateral hip pain and involvement while only 7.53% having it in both the joints.
Keywords: Prevalence, Hip Osteoarthritis, Hip pain, limp.