Original Research Article
Year: 2016 | Month: March | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 61-68
Dermatoglyphic Study of Fingertip Patterns in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
A.Perumal1*, K.Y. Manjunath2**, M. G. Yuvaraj3, K.R. Srinivasan2*
1Assistant Professor, 2Professor;
*Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Missions Kirupananda Variyar Medical College and Hospitals,
Sankari Road, NH - 47, Seeragapadi, Salem - 636308, Tamil Nadu, India.
**Department of Anatomy, Annapoorana Medical College and Hospitals,
Sankari Road, NH - 47, Periya Seeragapadi, Salem - 636308, Tamil Nadu, India.
3Chief Diabetologist, M. G. Diabetes Specialty and Research Centre, 255-A, Advaitha Ashram Road, Fairlands, Salem - 16, Tamil Nadu, India.
Corresponding Author: A.Perumal
Background: There is a paucity of dermatoglyphic studies on diabetic patients in and around Salem district of Tamil Nadu. This study attempts to delineate the fingertips pattern and ridge counts of diabetic patients of this area.
Materials and Methods: Dermatoglyphic finger prints of one hundred normal subjects (equal number of males and females) were compared with equal number of Type 2 Diabetic males and females. The fingertips patterns were noted, ridge counts of fingertips were carried out and recorded. Results were tabulated and statistically analyzed.
Results: Significantly decreased levels of left thumb mean ridge count was observed in male Type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients (14.90) when compared to the normal male subjects (18.76). It was increased in female Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (15.24) compared to normal females (14.62).It was statistically insignificant. Increased percentage level of ulnar loop pattern was observed in right thumb, right index, right middle, right ring, right little, left thumb, left middle, left ring and left little fingers in Type 2 Diabetic males compared to normal males. Increased percentage level of ulnar loop pattern was observed in right thumb, left thumb and left index fingers of Type 2 Diabetic females compared to normal females.
Conclusion: The knowledge of the fingertip patterns and ridge counts is essential for Diabetologist and other clinicians.
Key words: Dermatoglyphics, Diabetes mellitus, ridge count, tri-radius, loop, whorl, arch.