Original Research Article
Year: 2015 | Month: November | Volume: 2 | Issue: 11 | Pages: 672-676
A Story of Controlled Escalation of HIV in Rural Population of Srikakulam
Kiran Anaparthi1, Yadlapalli Ratna Sree2, K. Sunil Naik3
1Incharge Medical officer, 2Medical officer,
Anti Retroviral Therapy Centers, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Srikakulam, AP, India.
3Asst. Professor, Dept. of General Medicine, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Srikakulam.
Corresponding Author: Kiran Anaparthi
Over the past few years of the decade, HIV prevalence in India is on declining trend with less than 1% in ANC clinical attends and Srikakulam district has recorded a prevalence of 0.63%in ANC clinical attends and is at par with national statistics. This decline is due to nation’s effort to control the infection by a more decentralized effort through ICTC testing and scaling ART services. This was a retrospective cohort study extending from Jan 2008 to Dec 2014 (7 years), to analyze the new infections and its rate and coverage area in Srikakulam district. In the study period for 7 years, we identified that from total of 1814 revenue villages and towns of Srikakulam, 1010 were infected with HIV by 2014. As on 2008, 462 villages were infected and during next 7 years, 548 villages were newly infected at 78 villages per year for 6 years in study period. The number of registered PLHIV in 2008 has come down from 1780 to 1117 in 2014. Overall, there is decline in HIV infection at par with national level but there is considerable expansion of disease in the district by infecting new villages rapidly as new infection increased from 26 villages in 2008 to 40 villages in 2014 for every 100 cases annually. As a point of concern, the expansion is so fast that it may lead to sudden increase in new cases in future and can hamper national program and need urgent intervention to control the spread of the infection.
Key words: Distribution of HIV/AIDS, expansion of HIV, Threat to national program, HIV/AIDS.