Original Research Article
Year: 2017 | Month: Jan.-March | Volume: 1 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 44-47
Laboratory Scale Oil Extraction and Perfume Formulation from Locally Available Lemongrass Leaves
Ronak R. Shetty, Prajwal K. Shetty, Ketan B. Bagade
Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Corresponding Author: Ronak R. Shetty
Distillation based recovery processes such as steam and vacuum distillation are preferred for the extraction of essential oils from plant materials. Other methods include solvent extraction, expression or enfleurage. In the present work, three methods are used for oil extraction namely solvent extraction, hydro distillation and enfleurage. By using solvent extraction, 2.9 grams of essential oil per 140 grams of dry lemongrass sample. This gives about 2.07% yield of essential oil. By enfleurage method, 2.74 grams of essential oil per 140 grams of dry lemongrass sample was obtained. This amounts to 1.957% oil yield. 1.325 grams oil per 140 grams of lemongrass sample was obtained by hydro distillation process, i.e. 0.946% yield of oil.
Key words:Extraction, distillation, yield, essential oil, solvent.[PDF Full Text]